Kata Pelarian Dalam Akhbar Al-Jazeera Bahasa Arab

Refugee Word In Al-Jazeera

Authors

  • SYAHIRAH ALMUDDIN Akademi Pengajian Bahasa, UiTM Cawangan Negeri Sembilan
  • DR MOHAMAD HUSSIN Jabatan Bahasa Arab dan Bahasa Timur Tengah, Fakulti Bahasa dan Linguistik, Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • ASSOC PROF DR SURINDERPAL KAUR CHANAN SINGH Jabatan Bahasa Inggeris, Fakulti Bahasa dan Linguistik, Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • DR AHMAD ARIFIN SAPAR Jabatan Bahasa Arab dan Bahasa Timur Tengah, Fakulti Bahasa dan Linguistik, Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Keywords:

Pelarian Syria, pendatang, analisis wacana

Abstract

Kajian ini akan memperlihatkan kata pelarian yang terdapat dalam artikel berita pelarian Syria dalam al-Jazeera Bahasa Arab.  Analisis data dalam kajian ini dilaksanakan menggunakan pendekatan Model Tiga Dimensi yang dipelopori oleh Norman Fairclough (1989, 1992, 1995, 2003).  Pendekatan ini melibatkan tiga tahap analisis wacana, iaitu analisis teks, analisis amalan diskursif dan analisis praktis sosial.  Kajian ini tertumpu kepada analisis teks sahaja yang hanya akan memfokuskan kepada analisis leksikal.  Al-Jazeera dilihat menggunakan pelbagai perkataan untuk merujuk kepada pelarian.  Jadi, kajian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti bagaimana bahasa digunakan dalam membezakan kategori-kategori pelarian yang ada.  Kajian ini akan cuba menjawab dua persoalan utama iaitu apakah perkataan yang digunakan bagi merujuk golongan pelarian dan apakah ciri-ciri yang digambarkan dalam artikel berita mengenai perkataan pelarian tersebut.  Hasil kajian menunjukkan terdapat tiga kategori utama pelarian yang terdapat dalam al-Jazeera.  Kategori ini melibatkan golongan pelarian, golongan pelarian dalam negara dan pendatang.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdi, R & Basarati, A. (2016). A critical analysis of the representation of Yemen crisis in

ideologically-loaded newspaper headlines. GEMA Online of Language Studies. 16(3), 35-72.

Abid, Z. (2015). The representation of Syrian Refugees in the online media news, reports of host and non-host country : a corpus-based critical discourse analysis. (Unpublished Doctoral Thesis). Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia.

Ahmad Mukhtar Umar. (2008). Al-Mu’jam al-Lughah al-Arabiyah al-Mu’asir. Kaherah:

‘Alim al-Kutub.

Ibrāhīm Madkūr. (1990). Al-Mu‟jam al-Wasīṭ. Istanbul : Dār al-Da’wah.

Amnesty International Malaysia (2010). Diseksa Dan Ditinggalkan Pelarian Dinafikan Hak

Di Malaysia Amnesty June 2010.

Baker, P., Gabrielatos, C., Khosravinik, M., Krzyzanowski, M., Mcenery, T., & Wodak, R.

(2008). A useful methodological synergy? Combining critical discourse analysis and

corpus linguisitcs to examine discourses of refugees and asylum seekers in the UK press. Discourse & Society, 19(3), 273-306.

Blinder, S., & Allen, W. L. (2016). Constructing immigrants: Portrayals of Migrant Groups in British National newspapers, 2010-2012. International Migration Review, 50(1), 3-40.

Bolte, S. & Keong, Y. C. (2014). The Refugee Swap Deal in Malaysian Online News Reports: Ideology and Representation. GEMA Online of Language Studies. 14(2), 93-108.

Burroughs, E. (2015). Discursive representations of 'illegal immigration' in the irish

newsprint media: The domination and multiple facets of the 'control' argumentation. Discourse & Society, 26(2), 165-183.

Breen, M.J., Haynes, A. and Devereux, E. (2006), 'Fear,Framing and Foreigners: The

Othering of Immigrants in the Irish Print Media'. International Journal of Critical Psychology, 16, 100-121.

Coole, C. (2002). A warm welcome? Scottish and UK media reporting of an asylum-seeker

murder. Media, Culture & Society, 24(6), 839-852.

Dimitrova, D. V., Ozdora-Aksak, E., and Connolly-Ahern C. (2018). On the border of the Syrian refugee crisis: Views from two different cultural perspectives. American Behavioral Scientist, 00(0), 1-15.

Don, Z. M., & Lee, C. (2014). Representing immigrants as illegals, threats and victims in

Malaysia: Elite voices in the media. Discourse & Society, 1-19.

Efe, I. (2018). A corpus-driven analysis of representations of Syrian asylum seekers in the Turkish press 2011-2016. Discourse & Communication, 00(0), 1-20.

Esses, V. M., Medianu, S., & Lawson, A. S. (2013). Uncertainty, threat, and the role of the

media in promoting the dehumanization of immigrants and refugees. Journal of Social

Issues, 69(3), 518-536.

El-Nawawy, M. and A. Iskandar (2002) Al-Jazeera: How the Free Arab News Network

Scooped the World and Changed the Middle East. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

El-Nawawy, M. (2003) ‘Why Al-Jazeera is the Most Popular Network in the Arab World’,

Television Quarterly 34: 10–15.

Fahmy, S., & Johnson, T. J. (2007). Show the truth and let the Audience decide: A web-based

survey showing support among viewers of Al-Jazeera for use of graphic imagery. Journal of Broadscasting & Electronic Media, 51(2), 245-264.

Fairclough, N. (1989). Language and power. London: Longman.

Fairclough, N. (1992). Discourse and social change. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Fairclough, N. (1995). Media discourse. London: Hodder Arnold.

Fairclough, N. (2003). Analysing discourse. London: Routledge.

Gabrielatos, C., & Baker, P. (2008). Fleeing, sneaking, flooding: A corpus analysis of

discursive constructions of refugees and asylum seekers in the UK Press, 1996-2005. Journal of English Lingusitics, 36(1), 5-38.

Goodman, S., & Speer, S. A. (2007). Category use in the construction of asylum seekers.

Critical Discourse Studies, 4(2), 165-185.

HØeg, E. and D. Tulloch C. (2019). Sinking strangers: Media representations of climate refugees on the BBC and Al-Jazeera. Journal of Communication Inquiry, 43 (3), 225-248.

Jamaluddin Muhammad Bin Mukarram. (2008). Lisan al-‘Arab. Beirut: Dar Sadir.

Johnson, T. J., & Fahmy, S. (2008). The CNN of the Arab world or a shill for terrorist. The

International Communication Gazette, 70(5), 338-360.

Kamus al-Munjid fi al-Lughat al-Arabiyah al-Muasirah. (2000). Beirut: Dar al-Mashriq.

Majma’ al-Lughah al-‘Arabiah. (2004).

Khosravinik, M. (2009). The representation of refugees, asylum seekers and immigrants in

British newspapers during the Balkan conflict (1999) and the British general election (2005). Discourse & Society, 20(4), 477-498.

Kyriakides, C. (2016). Words don't come easy: Al Jazeera's migrant-refugee distinction and

the European culture of (mis)trust. Current Sociology, 1-20.

Lee, C. (2016). Refugee Representation In Malaysia: A Study Of Media Representations And Personal Narratives. (Doctoral Thesis). University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Leeuwen, T. V., & Wodak, R. (1999). Legitimizing immigration control : a discourse-

historical analysis. Discourse Studies, 1(1), 83-118.

Lueck, K, Due C. & Augoustinos, M. (2015). Neoliberalism and nationalism: Representations of asylum seekers in the Australian mainstream news media. Discourse & Society, 26(5), 608-629.

Mayasari, M., Darmayanti, N. & Riyanto, S. (2013). Critical discourse analysis of reporting

on" Saweran for KPK Building" in media Indonesia Daily Newspaper. International Journal of Linguistics. 5(4), 213-224.

Perez, M (2021). Discourses of difference and the boundaries of exile amongst

Palestinian refugees in Jordan. Anthropology of The Middle East. 16 (1), 9-31.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (2007, Disember 12). Refugees Magazine

Issue 148:"Refugee or Migrant - Why It Matters". Dimuat turun daripada: http://www.unhcr.org/news/editorial/2007/12/475fec972/refugees-magazine-issue-148-refugee-migrant-matters-refugee-migrant.html

Ibnu Manzur. (2008). Lisanul Arab. Beirut: Dar Sader Publishers.

Parker, S. (2015). 'Unwanted invaders': The representation of refugees and asylum seekers in the UK and Australian print media. eSharp (23), 1-21.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Malaysia (t.t.) Figures at a

glance. Available at: http://www.unhcr.org.my/About_Us-@-Figures_At_A_Glance.aspx

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (2016) UNHCR Global Trends

Forced Displacement in 2016. Diperoleh melalui: http://www.unhcr.org/5943e8a34.pdf

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (2014.) UNHCR Global Trends

Forced Displacement in 2014. Diperoleh melalui:

http://www.unhcr.org/statistics/country/556725e69/unhcr-global-trends-2014.html

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (t.t). The truth about asylum.

Diperoleh melalui:

https://www.refugeecouncil.org.uk/policy_research/the_truth_about_asylum/the_facts_about_asylum

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (2016) UNHCR Global Trends

Forced Displacement in 2016. Diperoleh melalui:

http://www.unhcr.org/statistics/unhcrstats/5943e8a34/global-trends-forced-displacement-2016.html

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Syria regional refugee

response. Diperoleh melalui:http://data.unhcr.org/syrianrefugees/regional.php

Zhang, M. (2014). A critical discourse analysis of political news reports. Theory and Practice

in Language Studies. 4(11), 2273-2277.

Zulkifli Mohamad. (2012). Krisis Syria dan mauqif ulama. Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia:

Pustaka Cahaya Kasturi.

Published

2023-05-30

How to Cite

ALMUDDIN, S., HUSSIN, M., CHANAN SINGH , S. K. ., & SAPAR, A. A. (2023). Kata Pelarian Dalam Akhbar Al-Jazeera Bahasa Arab : Refugee Word In Al-Jazeera . The Sultan Alauddin Sulaiman Shah Journal (JSASS), 10(1), 82-101. Retrieved from http://jsass.kuis.edu.my/index.php/jsass/article/view/256